"Having received no "offical" records that this vote ever took place, I believe this is what actually happened in 2001

Tony DiNardo, during his first term as President of the Doberman Pinscher Club of America, knowingly deprived the dues paying membership of a vote on Constitutional changes which led to changes of the original objectives of the Breed’s Parent Club, the DPCA, founded in 1921." ..... Judith Bingham

“I fully know why I’m here, and how I got here.”

(President Anthony DiNardo at the 1999 Annual Membership Meeting)

According to the last "legal" Constitution:

Article I: Name and Objects

Section 1. the name of the Club shall be Doberman Pinscher Club of America

Section 2. The objects of this Club shall be:

(a) to preserve and protect the Doberman Pinscher and to do all things possible to bring its natural qualities to perfection;

(b) to urge members and breeders to accept the standard of the breed as approved by The American Kennel Club as the only standard of excellence by which the Doberman shall be judged;

(c) to do all in its power to protect and advance the interests of the breed by encouraging sportsmanlike competition at dog shows and Obedience trials;

(d) to conduct sanctioned matches, specialty shows,obedience trials, and tracking tests under the rules of the American Kennel Club.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The DPCA was a 501(c)(7), a social club, that is described by the IRS as:

Generally, social clubs are membership organizations primarily supported by funds paid by their members. The tax exemption of social clubs has the practical effect of allowing individuals to join together to provide themselves recreational or social facilities on a mutual basis, without further tax consequences, where the sources of income of the organization are limited to receipts from the membership.

A 501c7 corporation must follow guidelines regarding revenue generation. At least 65 percent of a qualified social club's gross income must come from membership dues, and the entity is not allowed to generate a profit. Additionally, 501c7 social clubs must limit their membership numbers, and contact between members is mandatory in the form of gatherings, meetings and facilities that are used as a regular meeting place.

The 501(c)(3) Constitution, effective October, 2001

ARTICLE I : Name and Objects

SECTION 1. The name of the Club shall be: The Doberman Pinscher Club of America.

SECTION 2. The objects of the Club shall be:

1. To promote the public's knowledge and appreciation of dogs in general and Doberman Pinschers in particular;

2. To produce, publish, and distribute to the general public educational materials about the proper care, treatment, breeding, health, development and training of Doberman Pinschers;

3. To support and promote study and research on the history, character, breeding, genetics and particular health problems of the Doberman Pinscher;

4. To establish a National Data Base of resource materials about the Doberman Pinscher;

5. To further understanding of the disease, defects, injuries and other ailments that afflict dogs in general and the Doberman Pinscher in particular;

6. To acknowledge and advance the critical role of an AKC recognized parent club in providing education, health research and support of rescue and reduction of overpopulation for the benefit of the general public, purebred dogs and Doberman Pinschers in particular;

7. To conduct activities including sporting events, sanctioned matches, specialty shows, obedience and tracking trials, and other such activities and events as may be held under the rules of the American Kennel Club, in furtherance of the above purposes;

8. To otherwise preserve and protect the Doberman Pinscher and to do all things possible to bring its natural qualities to perfect;

9. To urge members and breeders to accept the standard of the breed as approved by the American Kennel Club as the only standard of excellence by which the Doberman Pinscher shall be judged.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The DPCA is now a 501(c)(3), a public charity, that is described as:

Organizations described in section 501(c)(3) are commonly referred to as charitable organizations. Organizations described in section 501(c)(3), other than testing for public safety organizations, are eligible to receive tax-deductible contributions in accordance with Code section 170.

Section 501(c)(3) is the portion of the US Internal Revenue Code that allows for federal tax exemption of nonprofit organizations, specifically those that are considered public charities, private foundations or private operating foundations. It is regulated and administered by the US Department of Treasury through the Internal Revenue Service.

In order to qualify for 501(c)(3) status, an entity must be organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable, scientific, testing for public safety, literary, or educational purposes, or to foster national or international amateur sports competition, or for the prevention of cruelty to children or animals.

The organization must not be organized or operated for the benefit of private interests, and no part of a section 501(c)(3) organization's net earnings may inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. If the organization engages in an excess benefit transaction with a person having substantial influence over the organization, an excise tax may be imposed on the person and any organization managers agreeing to the transaction.

Section 501(c)(3) organizations are restricted in how much political and legislative (lobbying) activities they may conduct.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -